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How To TWeak Windows

Startup
Windows Prefetcher

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM \ CurrentControlSet \ Control \ Session Manager \ Memory Management \ PrefetchParameters]

Under this key there is a setting called EnablePrefetcher, the default setting of which is 3. Increasing this number to 5 gives the prefetcher system more system resources to prefetch application data for faster load times. Depending on the number of boot processes you run on your computer, you may get benefits from settings up to 9. However, I do not have any substantive research data on settings above 5 so I cannot verify the benefits of a higher setting. This setting also may effect the loading times of your most frequently launched applications. This setting will not take effect until after you reboot your system.

Master File Table Zone Reservation

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM \ CurrentControlSet \ Control \ FileSystem]
Under this key there is a setting called NtfsMftZoneReservation, the default setting of which is 1. The range of this value is from 1 to 4. The default setting reserves one-eighth of the volume for the MFT. A setting of 2 reserves one-quarter of the volume for the MFT. A setting of 3 for NtfsMftZoneReservation reserves three-eighths of the volume for the MFT and setting it to 4 reserves half of the volume for the MFT. Most users will never exceed one-quarter of the volume. I recommend a setting of 2 for most users. This allows for a "moderate number of files" commensurate with the number of small files included in most computer games and applications. Reboot after applying this tweak.
Source: Microsoft Technet

Optimize Boot Files
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Dfrg \ BootOptimizeFunction]

Under this key is a text value named Enable. A value of Y for this setting enables the boot files defragmenter. This setting defragments the boot files and may move the boot files to the beginning (fastest) part of the partition, but that last statement is unverified. Reboot after applying this tweak.

Optimizing Startup Programs [msconfig]

MSConfig, similar to the application included in Win9x of the same name, allows the user to fine tune the applications that are launched at startup without forcing the user to delve deep into the registry. To disable some of the applications launched, load msconfig.exe from the run command line, and go to the Startup tab. From there, un-ticking the checkbox next to a startup item will stop it from launching. There are a few application that you will never want to disable (ctfmon comes to mind), but for the most part the best settings vary greatly from system to system.
As a good rule of thumb, though, it is unlikely that you will want to disable anything in the Windows directory (unless it's a third-party program that was incorrectly installed into the Windows directory), nor will you want to disable anything directly relating to your system hardware. The only exception to this is when you are dealing with software, which does not give you any added benefits (some OEM dealers load your system up with software you do not need). The nice part of msconfig is that it does not delete any of the settings, it simply disables them, and so you can go back and restart a startup application if you find that you need it. This optimization won't take effect until after a reboot.

Bootvis Application

The program was designed by Microsoft to enable Windows XP to cold boot in 30 seconds, return from hibernation in 20 seconds, and return from standby in 10 seconds. Bootvis has two extremely useful features. First, it can be used to optimize the boot process on your computer automatically. Second, it can be used to analyze the boot process for specific subsystems that are having difficulty loading. The first process specifically targets the prefetching subsystem, as well as the layout of boot files on the disk. When both of these systems are optimized, it can result in a significant reduction in the time it takes for the computer to boot.
Before attempting to use Bootvis to analyze or optimize the boot performance of your system, make sure that the task scheduler service has been enabled – the program requires the service to run properly. Also, close all open programs as well – using the software requires a reboot.
To use the software to optimize your system startup, first start with a full analysis of a fresh boot. Start Bootvis, go to the Tools menu, and select next boot. Set the Trace Repetition Settings to 2 repetitions, Start at 1, and Reboot automatically. Then set the trace into motion. The system will fully reboot twice, and then reopen bootvis and open the second trace file (should have _2 in the name). Analyze the graphs and make any changes that you think are necessary (this is a great tool for determining which startup programs you want to kill using msconfig). Once you have made your optimizations go to the Trace menu, and select the Optimize System item. This will cause the system to reboot and will then make some changes to the file structure on the hard drive (this includes a defragmentation of boot files and a shifting of their location to the fastest portion of the hard disk, as well as some other optimizations). After this is done, once again run a Trace analysis as above, except change the starting number to 3. Once the system has rebooted both times, compare the charts from the second trace to the charts for the fourth trace to show you the time improvement of the system's boot up.
The standard defragmenter included with Windows XP will not undo the boot optimizations performed by this application

What is a Report

Hi my friend..
usually iam writing report for my boss or other collegues...

so today i want teach u all how to write a good and clear report..
hope this will help u all my friend...

What is a Report

A report is a document which defines a subject or problem, and gathers relevant information and facts in order to present them as completely and accurately as possible. A report may include analysis, judgement, conclusions and recommendations.
A report therefore needs to be:
Brief
Understandable
Precise
Logically structured
Descriptive
Aimed at the reader
Particularly useful for informing, explaining and persuading.

Before Writing the Report
It is important to consider WHO you are writing the report for, and why.
Key questions to ask yourself:
Who wants the report?
Why do they want it?
What are they going to do with it?
What do they want it to cover?
What will the report not cover? i.e. disclaimer.
What will happen as a result of the report?
A report should have a clear objective, i.e. what you are trying to achieve.
A clear objective = a clear focus = easier to write.

Planning
It is important to start off by brainstorming what you have been asked to do.
Who wants the report?
Write down the purpose of the report in the middle of a piece of A4 paper.
Write down the key ideas/phrases that link to the purpose of the report.
Group pieces of information under the key ideas connecting them by links.
Review the plan, adding or deleting points where necessary.
Check that you have done what the task requires.
Look for a simple structure, and order the key ideas. These will each make up a chapter of your report.

Research
Check existing knowledge, i.e. what you know already, and what you need to find out.
Record the research methods used.
Record the sources used.
Make notes from the sources, and make sure you reference sources as you go along, as this saves time and difficulties later on.
Order your notes and group together points based on your original plan.
Check that you have done what the task requires.

Writing the Report – Structure

Title page – Highlights the central theme of the report, and includes the title, author’s name, date, and name of the person or organisation who commissioned the report (if necessary).
Acknowledgements (optional) – Conveys thanks to those who have helped the author in the preparation of the report.

Contents – Essential if the report exceeds three pages. Lists the main sections and sub-sections of the report in sequence. The headings should be identical to those used in the report, together with the page number. A list of illustrations and appendices should be detailed. It is better to complete this section after writing the report. e.g.


Section
Title
Page
1
Introduction
1
1.1 Aims and objectives
1
1.2 Review of literature
2
2
Methodology
3
etc
List of Illustrations
Figure 1
Graph showing age of person
4
etc

Appendices
Appendix A Title

Appendix B (sometimes numbered with Roman numerals instead) etc

Summary (optional, and sometimes called an Executive Summary) – This is useful if the report is long, and provides the reader with a brief outline of the report. This can act as an introduction to the subject of the full report, a guide as to whether the report is of interest, and as a time saver to a busy reader. The summary should be no more than a page in length.
Paragraph one should define the report's purpose, paragraph two should outline what was done and how, paragraph three should report on the main findings, paragraph four should identify the main conclusion, and the final paragraph should outline the main recommendations.

To write a quick summary:
Read the report.
Isolate and summarize the central theme.
Read each section, isolate and summarize the main statement in each section.
Get rid of lists, repetition, detailed description.
Replace with general statements.
Combine into a continuous written piece as briefly as possible.
Introduction – This sets the scene, and should include the following:
Why the report was written/background?
Terms of reference – determines the scope or parameters of the report, and what you are trying to do. (objective, purpose, and use)
Method of investigation.
Resources available.
Sources used.
Limitations.
Structure of report.
Main text – This is the main substance of the report detailing key findings. It consists of data you have found, and what you have found out from it. It should not include opinions, conclusions or recommendations. This is the longest section of the report, and may include the most sub-sections.
Conclusion – This should link the terms of reference (what you were trying to do) with the findings to assess the facts. Draws together the main points of the report, presents an overview, and looks at future consequences. NO NEW data should arise here. A conclusion may include recommendations if these arise from the conclusion.
Recommendations – These should follow logically on from the conclusion, and be specific, measurable and achievable. They should propose how the situation/problem could be improved by stating the action to be taken. Ideally recommendations should be numbered.
Appendices – Consists of supplementary information not required for the main body of the report.
Basic checklist for location of materials you are not sure about:
Will the reader need to know this?
YES NO
Do they need to know it to follow the argument? Don’t include in report
YES NO
Put it in the main body Is it referred to several times?
YES NO
Put in main body Put in appendix

References – These should list bibliographic details of all the materials mentioned in the text, or extracts quoted. You will need to use the British Standard or Harvard method of referencing.
See ‘Cite them Right’ for more information. (Shields,G.,Walton,G.Cite Them Right.3rd ed.UNN.1995.)
Bibliography – Includes bibliographic details of all material mentioned in the references, plus other material used but not referred to in the main body of the report. This is not always necessary, particularly if using the Harvard referencing system.
Glossary – Useful if the report uses a lot of technical vocabulary to give definitions or acronyms.
Index – Not always included.

Style and Structuree
Match the style to the reader. The key is to keep the report concise and simple.
Avoid jargon and use Plain English.
Sentences – Keep them short, no longer than 25 words. Big idea = short sentences.
Paragraph – Concentrates on one theme, the first sentence should summarize the topic of the paragraph, paragraphs should be connected with link words so that they carry the reader along.
Tense – Reports are normally written in the past tense and in the third person. i.e. It is recommended that … However use ‘I’ if appropriate.
Notation – Identify the main components of the report for reference and indexing purposes.
1. Number pages
2. Number sections and paragraphs if appropriate
3. Heading
3.1Sub-heading
3.2 Avoid complicating numbering further with 3.2.1 etc.
(This does not apply to the contents page, or summary – instead these pages should be given Roman numerals, i.e. i, ii, iii, iv. The appendices should be given a letter/roman numeral, i.e. Appendix A, or Appendix I etc.)
Illustrations – Only include these in the main body of the report if fundamental to the text, or referred to several times. Otherwise place them in the appendix (give caption, figure number and acknowledge the source).
Summarize each section of the report with one or two sentences to form a short conclusion.
Writing order – Main body, conclusion, recommendations, introduction, then (appendices, glossary, references, bibliography, contents/index – in no particular order), summary and title page.

After Writing
Check the report for:
Completeness.
Accuracy.
Layout.
Spelling.
Numbering of sections.
Illustrations.
Check the report follows your plan, and answers the question asked.


i know after this u all clear how to make a report...best for you all...cheers